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High-throughput single-particle tracking reveals nested membrane nanodomain organization that dictates Ras diffusion and trafficking

By Yerim Lee, Carey Phelps, Tao Huang, Barmak Mostofian, Lei Wu, Ying Zhang, Young Hwan Chang, Philip J. S. Stork, Joe W. Gray, Daniel M Zuckerman, Xiaolin Nan

Posted 15 Feb 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/552075

Membrane nanodomains have been implicated in Ras signaling, but what these domains are and how they interact with Ras remain obscure. Using high throughput single particle tracking with photoactivated localization microscopy and detailed trajectory analysis, here we show that distinct membrane domains dictate KRas diffusion and trafficking in U2OS cells. KRas exhibits an immobile state in domains ~70 nm in size, each embedded in a larger domain (~200 nm) that confers intermediate mobility, while the rest of the membrane supports fast diffusion. Moreover, KRas is continuously removed from the membrane via the immobile state and replenished to the fast state, likely coupled to internalization and recycling. Importantly, both the diffusion and trafficking properties of KRas remain invariant over a broad range of protein expression levels. Our results reveal how membrane organization dictates KRas diffusion and trafficking and offer insight into how Ras signaling may be regulated through spatial mechanisms.

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