Exploring the influence of surface proteins on probiotic activity of Lactobacillus pentosus HC-2 in Litopenaeus vannamei midgut via Label-free quantitative proteomic analysis
Our previously work showed that Lactobacillus pentosus HC-2 as probiotic could improve the growth performance, immune response, gut bacteria diversity and disease resistance of Litopenaeus vannamei. However, the probiotic mechanism of was not fully characterized. In the present study, histology and proteomic analysis was performed to explore the influence of HC-2 surface protein on its probiotic effects to L. vannamei after feeding the intact surface proteins or the probiotic treated with lithium chloride (LiCl) to remove non-covalently bound surface proteins or no probiotic for four weeks. Histological observation found that feeding with normal HC-2 obviously improved the intestinal histology and enhanced the protective effect against pathogens damages, but fed with LiCl-treated HC-2 didn't improve the intestinal environment. A total over 2,764 Peptides and 1,118 uniproteins were identified from L. vannamei midgut, 211 proteins were significant differentially expressed normal HC-2 group compared with control, 510 proteins were significant differentially expressed in LiCl-tread HC-2 group compared with control, and 458 proteins were significant differentially expressed in LiCl-tread HC-2 group compared with normal HC-2 group. GO/KEGG enrichment analysis of the significantly different proteins demonstrated that fed with normal HC-2 mainly induced immune response, metabolic, cell adhesion and cell-cell signaling related proteins up-regulation, which were contributed to bacteria adhesion and colonization in midgut to improve shrimp immune system and growth, but these proteins were suppressed after feeding with deprived surface proteins bacteria. Taken together, these results indicating that the surface proteins were indispensable for HC-2 to execute probiotic effects in midgut of shrimp.
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