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Single-Cell Transcriptomic Evidence for Dense Intracortical Neuropeptide Networks

By Stephen J Smith, Uygar Sümbül, Lucas Graybuck, Forrest Collman, Sharmishtaa Seshamani, Rohan Gala, Olga Gliko, Leila Elabbady, Jeremy A Miller, Trygve E Bakken, Jean Rossier, Zizhen Yao, Ed Lein, Hongkui Zeng, Bosiljka Tasic, Michael J Hawrylycz

Posted 13 Jan 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/519694 (published DOI: 10.7554/eLife.47889)

Seeking new insights into the homeostasis, modulation and plasticity of cortical synaptic networks, we have analyzed results from a single-cell RNA-seq study of 22,439 mouse neocortical neurons. Our analysis exposes transcriptomic evidence for dozens of molecularly distinct neuropeptidergic modulatory networks that directly interconnect all cortical neurons. This evidence begins with a discovery that transcripts of one or more neuropeptide precursor (NPP) and one or more neuropeptide-selective G-protein-coupled receptor (NP-GPCR) genes are highly abundant in all, or very nearly all, cortical neurons. Individual neurons express diverse subsets of NP signaling genes from palettes encoding 18 NPPs and 29 NP-GPCRs. These 47 genes comprise 37 cognate NPP/NP-GPCR pairs, implying the likelihood of local neuropeptide signaling. Here we use neuron-type-specific patterns of NP gene expression to offer specific, testable predictions regarding 37 peptidergic neuromodulatory networks that may play prominent roles in cortical homeostasis and plasticity. Impact Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulatory networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron Data Highlights

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