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Epigenetic modifiers have emerged as important regulators of tumor progression. We identified histone methyltransferase KMT2D as a potent tumor-suppressor through an in vivo epigenome-focused pooled RNAi screen in melanoma. KMT2D harbors frequent somatic point mutations in multiple tumor types. How these events contribute to tumorigenesis and whether they impart therapeutic vulnerability are poorly understood. To address these questions, we generated a genetically engineered mouse model of melanoma based on conditional and melanocyte-specific deletion of KMT2D. We demonstrate KMT2D as a bona fide tumor suppressor which cooperates with activated BRAF. KMT2D-deficient tumors showed substantial reprogramming of key metabolic pathways including glycolysis. Glycolysis enzymes, intermediate metabolites and glucose consumption rate were aberrantly upregulated in KMT2D mutant cells. The pharmacological inhibition of glycolysis reduced proliferation and tumorigenesis preferentially in KMT2D mutant cells. Mechanistically, KMT2D loss caused drastic reduction of H3K4me1-marked active enhancer states. Loss of distal enhancer and subsequent reduction in expression of IGFBP5 activated IGF1R-AKT pathway to increase glycolysis in KMT2D-deficient cells. We conclude that KMT2D loss promotes tumorigenesis by facilitating increased usage of glycolysis pathway for enhanced biomass needs via enhancer reprogramming. Our data imply that inhibition of glycolysis or IGFR pathway could be a potential therapeutic strategy in KMT2D mutant tumors.

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