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GIC: A computational method for predicting the essentiality of long noncoding lncRNAs

By Pan Zeng, Ji Chen, Yuan Zhou, Jichun Yang, Qinghua Cui

Posted 18 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/177923

Measuring the essentiality of genes is critically important in biology and medicine. Some bioinformatic methods have been developed for this issue but none of them can be applied to long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), one big class of biological molecules. Here we developed a computational method, GIC (Gene Importance Calculator), which can predict the essentiality of both protein-coding genes and lncRNAs based on RNA sequence information. For identifying the essentiality of protein-coding genes, GIC is competitive with well-established computational scores. More important, GIC showed a high performance for predicting the essentiality of lncRNAs. In an independent mouse lncRNA dataset, GIC achieved an exciting performance (AUC=0.918). In contrast, the traditional computational methods are not applicable to lncRNAs. As a public web server, GIC is freely available at http://www.cuilab.cn/gic/.

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