A metabolic switch from OXPHOS to glycolysis is essential for cardiomyocyte proliferation in the regenerating heart
Dennis E.M. de Bakker,
Cecilia de Heus,
Mauro J Muraro,
Joshua C. Peterson,
Willem J. van der Laarse,
Richard T. Jaspers,
Kenneth D. Poss,
Alexander van Oudenaarden,
Posted 18 Dec 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/498899 (published DOI: 10.7554/eLife.50163)
Posted 18 Dec 2018
The capacity to regenerate damaged tissues, such as the heart, various enormously amongst species. While heart regeneration is generally very low in mammals, it can regenerate efficiently in certain amphibian and fish species. Zebrafish has been used extensively to study heart regeneration, resulting in the identification of proliferating cardiomyocytes that drive this process. However, mechanisms that drive cardiomyocyte proliferation are largely unknown. Here, using a single-cell mRNA-sequencing approach, we find a transcriptionally distinct population of dedifferentiated and proliferating cardiomyocytes in regenerating zebrafish hearts. While adult cardiomyocytes are known to rely on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) for energy production, these proliferating cardiomyocytes show reduced mitochondrial gene expression and decreased OXPHOS activity. Strikingly, we find that genes encoding rate-limiting enzymes of the glycolysis pathway are induced in the proliferating cardiomyocytes, and inhibiting glycolysis impairs cardiomyocyte cell cycle reentry. Mechanistically, glycolytic gene expression is induced by Nrg1/Erbb2 signaling, and this is conserved in a mouse model of enhanced regeneration. Moreover, inhibiting glycolysis in murine cardiomyocytes abrogates the mitogenic effects of Nrg1/ErbB2 signaling. Together these results reveal a conserved mechanism in which cardiomyocytes undergo metabolic reprogramming by activating glycolysis, which is essential for cell cycle reentry and heart regeneration. This could ultimately help develop therapeutic interventions that promote the regenerative capacity of the mammalian heart.
- Downloaded 1,346 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 5,663 out of 77,075
- In cell biology: 170 out of 3,827
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 11,815 out of 77,075
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 11,541 out of 77,075
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!