Genome-wide association study identifies seven novel loci associating with circulating cytokines and cell adhesion molecules in Finns
Olli T. Raitakari,
Posted 10 Dec 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/491852 (published DOI: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105965)
Posted 10 Dec 2018
Background: Inflammatory processes contribute to the pathophysiology of multiple chronic conditions. Genetic factors play a crucial role in modulating the inflammatory load, but the exact mechanisms are incompletely understood. Methods: To add understanding to the molecular mechanisms in inflammation, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 16 circulating cytokines and cell adhesion molecules (inflammatory phenotypes) in Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC1966, N=5,284). A subsequent meta-analysis was completed for 10 phenotypes available in a GWAS of three other Finnish population cohorts adding up to 13,577 individuals in the study. Complementary association tests were performed to study the effect of the ABO blood types on soluble adhesion molecule levels. Results: We identified seven novel and confirmed six previously reported loci associating with at least one of the studied inflammatory phenotypes (p<3.1x10-9). We observed three loci associating with the concentration of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), one of which is the ABO locus that has been previously associated with soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) levels. Results from the complementary analyses suggest that the blood type B associates primarily with the concentration of sVCAM-1 while the A1 subtype shows a robust effect on sE-selectin and sICAM-1 levels. Furthermore, the genotypes in the ABO locus associating with higher soluble adhesion molecule levels tend to associate with lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and lower cardiovascular disease risk. Conclusion: The present results extend the knowledge about genetic factors contributing to the inflammatory load. Our findings suggest that two distinct mechanisms contribute to the soluble adhesion molecule levels at the ABO locus. The negative correlation between the genetic effects on soluble adhesion molecule levels and cardiovascular traits in this locus further suggests that increased soluble adhesion molecule levels per se may not be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- Downloaded 383 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 57,546 out of 118,083
- In genetics: 2,824 out of 5,130
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 91,794 out of 118,083
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 87,085 out of 118,083
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!