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Cell-type-specific genomics reveals histone modification dynamics in mammalian meiosis

By Gabriel Lam, Kevin Brick, Gang Cheng, Florencia Pratto, R. Daniel Camerini-Otero

Posted 14 Nov 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/469908

Meiosis is the specialized cell division during which parental genomes recombine to create genotypically unique gametes. Despite its importance, mammalian meiosis cannot be studied in vitro , greatly limiting mechanistic studies. In vivo , meiocytes progress asynchronously through meiosis and therefore the study of specific stages of meiosis is a challenge. Here, we describe a method for isolating pure sub-populations of nuclei that allows for detailed study of meiotic sub-stages. Interrogating the H3K4me3 landscape revealed dynamic chromatin transitions between sub-stages of meiotic prophase I, both at sites of genetic recombination and at gene promoters. We also leveraged this method to perform the first comprehensive, genome-wide survey of histone marks in meiotic prophase, revealing a heretofore unappreciated complexity of the epigenetic landscape at meiotic recombination hotspots. Ultimately, this study presents a straightforward, scalable framework for interrogating the complexities of mammalian meiosis.

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