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BmCncC/keap1-pathway is involved in high-temperature induced metamorphosis regulation of silkworm, Bombyx mori

By Jinxin Li, Tingting Mao, Zhengting Lu, Mengxue Li, Jianwei Qu, Yilong Fang, Jian Chen, Hui Wang, Xiaoyu Cheng, Hu Jiahuan, Yu Liu, Zhang Ziyan, Gu Zhiya, Li Fanchi, Bing Li

Posted 31 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/458620

The global warming has affected the growth, development and reproduction of insects. However, the molecular mechanism of high temperature stress-mediated metamorphosis regulation of lepidopteran insect has not been elucidated. In this study, the relationship between the insect developmental process and endogenous hormone level was investigated under high temperature (36 ° C) stress in Bombyx mori (B. mori). The results showed that the duration of 5th instar larvae were shortened by 28 ± 2 h, and the content of 20E was up-regulated significantly after 72 h of high temperature treatment, while the transcription levels of 20E response genes E93, Br-C, USP, E75 were up-regulated 1.35, 1.25, 1.28, and 1.27-fold, respectively. The high temperature treatment promoted the phosphorylation level of Akt and the downstream BmCncC/keap1 pathway was activated, the transcription levels of 20E synthesis-related genes cyp302a1, cyp306a1, cyp314a1 and cyp315a1 were up-regulated by 1.12, 1.51, 2.17 and 1.23-fold, respectively. After treatment with double stranded RNA of BmCncC (dsBmCncC) in BmN cells, the transcription levels of cyp302a1 and cyp306a1 were significantly decreased, whereas up-regulated by 2.15 and 1.31-fold, respectively, after treatment with CncC activator Curcumin. These results suggested that BmCncC/keap1-mediated P450 genes (cyp302a1, cyp306a1) expression resulted in the changes of endogenous hormone level, which played an important role in the regulation of metamorphosis under high temperature stress. Studies provide novel clues for understanding the CncC/keap1 pathway-mediated metamorphosis regulation mechanism in insects.

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