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HumCFS: A database of fragile sites in human chromosomes

By Rajesh Kumar, Gandharva Nagpal, Vinod Kumar, Salman Sadullah Usmani, Piyush Agrawal, Gajendra P.S. Raghava

Posted 08 Dec 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/231233 (published DOI: 10.1186/s12864-018-5330-5)

Genomic instability is the hallmark of cancer and several other pathologies, such as mental retardation; preferentially occur at specific loci in genome known as chromosomal fragile sites. HumCFS (http://webs.iiitd.edu.in/raghava/humcfs/) is a manually curated database provides comprehensive information on 118 experimentally characterized fragile sites present in human chromosomes. HumCFS comprises of 19068 entries with wide range of information such as nucleotide sequence of fragile sites, their length, coordinates on the chromosome, cytoband, their inducers and possibility of fragile site occurrence i.e. either rare or common etc. Each fragile region gene is further annotated to disease database DisGenNET, to understand its disease association. Protein coding genes are identified by annotating each fragile site to UCSC genome browser (GRCh38/hg38). To know the extent of miRNA lying in fragile site region, miRNA from miRBase has been mapped. Comprehensively, HumCFS encompasses mapping of 5010 genes with 19068 transcripts, 1104 miRNA and 3737 disease-associated genes on fragile sites. In order to facilitate users, we integrate standard web-based tools for easy data retrieval and analysis.

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