Cross-sectional and longitudinal brain scans reveal accelerated brain aging in multiple sclerosis
Einar A. Høgestøl,
Gro Owren Nygaard,
Mona Kristiansen Beyer,
Jan Egil Nordvik,
Hanne F. Harbo,
Lars T. Westlye
Posted 10 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/440412 (published DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00450)
Posted 10 Oct 2018
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. By combining longitudinal MRI-based brain morphometry and brain age estimation using machine learning, we tested the hypothesis that MS patients have higher brain age relative to chronological age than healthy controls (HC) and that longitudinal rate of brain aging in MS patients is associated with clinical course. Seventy-six MS patients, 71 % females and mean age 34.8 years (range 21-49) at inclusion, were examined with brain MRI at three time points with a mean total follow up period of 4.4 years. A machine learning model was applied on an independent training set of 3208 HC, estimating individual brain age and calculating the difference between estimated brain age and chronological age, termed brain age gap (BAG). We also assessed the longitudinal change rate in BAG in MS individuals. We used additional cross-sectional MRI data from 235 HC for case-control comparison. MS patients showed increased BAG (4.4 ±6.6 years) compared to HC (Cohen′s D = 0.69, p = 4.0 x 10-6). Longitudinal estimates of BAG in MS patients suggested an accelerated rate of brain aging corresponding to an annual increase of 0.41 (±1.23) years compared to chronological aging for the MS patients (p = 0.008). On average, patients with MS have significantly higher BAG compared to HC and accelerated rate of brain aging compared to chronological aging. Brain age estimation represents a promising method for evaluation of brain changes in MS, with potential for predicting future outcome and guide treatment.
- Downloaded 348 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 75,399
- In neuroscience: 11,531
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 122,489
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 125,250
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!