Decreased kinesin-1 mitigates NMDA-induced exicitotoxicity and ischemia-evoked neurodegeneration
Amy C. Y. Lo,
Posted 11 Oct 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/440800
Posted 11 Oct 2018
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is highly compartmentalized in neurons and the dysfunction has been implicated in various neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Recent failure to exploit NMDAR antagonization as a potential therapeutic target has driven the need to identify molecular mechanisms that regulate NMDAR compartmentalization. Here, we report that neural activity-dependent reduction of Kif5b, the heavy chain of kinesin-1, protected neurons against NMDA-induced excitotoxicity and ischemia-provoked neurodegeneration. Direct binding of Kinesin-1 to the GluN2B cytoplasmic tails regulated levels of NMDAR at extrasynaptic sites and the subsequent influx of calcium mediated by extrasynaptic NMDAR via regulating the insertion of NMDARs into neuronal surface. Transient increase of Kif5b restored the surface levels of NMDAR and the decreased neuronal susceptibility to NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. Our findings reveal that kinesin-1 regulates extrasynaptic NMDAR targeting and signaling, and the reduction of kinesin-1 could be regulated by neural activity and could be exploited to postpone or halt neurodegeneration.
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