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Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia

By Michal Feldman, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Luke Reynolds, Douglas Baird, Jessica Pearson, Israel Hershkovitz, Hila May, Nigel Goring-Morris, Marion Benz, Julia Gresky, Raffaela A. Bianco, Andrew Fairbairn, Gökhan Mustafaoğlu, Philipp W. Stockhammer, Cosimo Posth, Wolfgang Haak, Choongwon Jeong, Johannes Krause

Posted 20 Sep 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/422295 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09209-7)

Anatolia was home to some of the earliest farming communities. It has been long debated whether a migration of farming groups introduced agriculture to central Anatolia. Here, we report the first genome-wide data from a 15,000 year-old Anatolian hunter-gatherer and from seven Anatolian and Levantine early farmers. We find high genetic continuity between the hunter-gatherer and early farmers of Anatolia and detect two distinct incoming ancestries: an early Iranian/Caucasus related one and a later one linked to the ancient Levant. Finally, we observe a genetic link between southern Europe and the Near East predating 15,000 years ago that extends to central Europe during the post-last-glacial maximum period. Our results suggest a limited role of human migration in the emergence of agriculture in central Anatolia.

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