Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia
Raffaela A. Bianco,
Philipp W. Stockhammer,
Posted 20 Sep 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/422295 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09209-7)
Posted 20 Sep 2018
Anatolia was home to some of the earliest farming communities. It has been long debated whether a migration of farming groups introduced agriculture to central Anatolia. Here, we report the first genome-wide data from a 15,000 year-old Anatolian hunter-gatherer and from seven Anatolian and Levantine early farmers. We find high genetic continuity between the hunter-gatherer and early farmers of Anatolia and detect two distinct incoming ancestries: an early Iranian/Caucasus related one and a later one linked to the ancient Levant. Finally, we observe a genetic link between southern Europe and the Near East predating 15,000 years ago that extends to central Europe during the post-last-glacial maximum period. Our results suggest a limited role of human migration in the emergence of agriculture in central Anatolia.
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