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The novel lncRNA lnc-NR2F1 is pro-neurogenic and mutated in human neurodevelopmental disorders

By Cheen Euong Ang, Qing Ma, Orly L Wapinski, Shenghua Fan, Ryan A. Flynn, Bradley Coe, Masahiro Onoguchi, Victor H Olmos, Brian T. Do, Lynn Dukes-Rimsky, Jin Xu, Qian Yi Lee, Koji Tanabe, Liangjiang Wang, Ulrich Elling, Josef Penninger, Kun Qu, E. E. Eichler, Anand Srivastava, Marius Wernig, Howard Y. Chang

Posted 08 Sep 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/410837 (published DOI: 10.7554/elife.41770)

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to act as important cell biological regulators including cell fate decisions but are often ignored in human genetics. Combining differential lncRNA expression during neuronal lineage induction with copy number variation morbidity maps of a cohort of children with autism spectrum disorder/intellectual disability versus healthy controls revealed focal genomic mutations affecting several lncRNA candidate loci. Here we find that a t(5:12) chromosomal translocation in a family manifesting neurodevelopmental symptoms disrupts specifically lnc-NR2F1. We further show that lnc-NR2F1 is an evolutionarily conserved lncRNA functionally enhances induced neuronal cell maturation and directly occupies and regulates transcription of neuronal genes including autism-associated genes. Thus, integrating human genetics and functional testing in neuronal lineage induction is a promising approach for discovering candidate lncRNAs involved in neurodevelopmental diseases.

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