Prevalence and patterns of higher-order interactions
Tina Manzhu Kang,
Van M Savage,
Pamela J Yeh
Posted 14 Dec 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/233312 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41540-018-0069-9)
Posted 14 Dec 2017
Interactions and emergent processes are essential for research on complex systems involving many components. Most studies focus solely on pairwise interactions and ignore higher-order interactions among three or more components. To gain deeper insights into higher-order interactions and complex environments, we study antibiotic combinations applied to pathogenic Escherichia coli and obtain unprecedented amounts of detailed data (251 two-drug combinations, 1512 three-drug combinations, 5670 four-drug combinations, and 13608 five-drug combinations). Directly opposite to previous assumptions and reports, we find higher-order interactions increase in frequency with the number of drugs in the bacteria's environment. Furthermore, we observe a shift towards net synergy (effect greater than expected based on independent individual effects) and towards emergent antagonism (effect less than expected based on lower-order interaction effects). These findings have implications for the potential efficacy of drug combinations and are crucial for better navigating problems associated with the combinatorial complexity of multi-component systems.
- Downloaded 390 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 41,212 out of 88,548
- In systems biology: 1,205 out of 2,299
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 79,728 out of 88,548
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 80,872 out of 88,548
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!