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An XA21-Associated Kinase (OsSERK2) regulates immunity mediated by the XA21 and XA3 immune receptors

By Xuewei Chen, Shimin Zuo, Benjamin Schwessinger, Mawsheng Chern, Patrick E. Canlas, Deling Ruan, Xiaogang Zhou, Jing Wang, Benjamin Schwessinger, Christopher J. Petzold, Joshua L. Heazlewood, Pamela C Ronald

Posted 26 Nov 2013
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/000950 (published DOI: 10.1093/mp/ssu003)

The rice XA21 immune receptor kinase and the structurally related XA3 receptor, confer immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight. Here we report the isolation of OsSERK2 (rice somatic embryogenesis receptor kinase 2) and demonstrate that OsSERK2 positively regulates immunity mediated by XA21 and XA3 as well as the rice immune receptor FLS2 (OsFLS2). Rice plants silenced for OsSerk2 display altered morphology and reduced sensitivity to the hormone brassinolide. OsSERK2 interacts with the intracellular domains of each immune receptor in the yeast-two-hybrid system in a kinase activity dependent manner. OsSERK2 undergoes bidirectional trans-phosphorylation with XA21 in vitro and forms a constitutive complex with XA21 in vivo. Taken together, these results demonstrate an essential role for OsSERK2 in the function of three rice immune receptors and suggest that direct interaction with the rice immune receptors is critical for their function.

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