A fungal ribonuclease-like effector protein inhibits plant host ribosomal RNA degradation
Helen G. Pennington,
Pietro D Spanu
Posted 29 Mar 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/291427
Posted 29 Mar 2018
The biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis causes the powdery mildew disease of cereals and grasses. Proteins with a predicted ribonuclease (RNase)-like fold (termed RALPHs) comprise the largest set of secreted effector candidates within the B. graminis f. sp. hordei genome. Their exceptional abundance suggests they play crucial functions during pathogenesis. We show that transgenic expression of RALPH CSEP0064/BEC1054 increases susceptibility to infection in monocotyledenous and dicotyledonous plants. CSEP0064/BEC1054 interacts in planta with five host proteins: two translation elongation factors (eEF1α and eEF1γ), two pathogenesis-related proteins (PR5 and PR10) and a glutathione-S-transferase. We present the first crystal structure of a RALPH, CSEP0064/BEC1054, demonstrating it has an RNase-like fold. The protein interacts with total RNA and weakly with DNA. Methyl jasmonate levels modulate susceptibility to aniline-induced host RNA fragmentation. In planta expression of CSEP0064/BEC1054 reduces the formation of this RNA fragment. We propose that CSEP0064/BEC1054 is a pseudoenzyme that binds to host ribosomes, thereby inhibiting the action of plant ribosome-inactivating proteins that would otherwise lead to host cell death, an unviable interaction and demise of the fungus.
- Downloaded 977 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 19,178
- In plant biology: 309
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 29,067
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 39,822
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!