Mammalian CST averts replication failure by preventing G-quadruplex accumulation
Carolyn M. Price,
Posted 22 Jun 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/354050 (published DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkz264)
Posted 22 Jun 2018
Human CST (CTC1-STN1-TEN1) is an RPA-like complex that associates with G-rich single-strand DNA and helps resolve replication problems both at telomeres and genome-wide. We previously showed that CST binds and disrupts G-quadruplex (G4) DNA in vitro, suggesting that CST may prevent in vivo blocks to replication by resolving G4 structures. Here, we demonstrate that CST binds and unfolds G4 with similar efficiency to RPA. In cells, CST is recruited to telomeric and non-telomeric chromatin upon G4 stabilization. STN1 depletion increases G4 accumulation and slows bulk genomic DNA replication. At telomeres, combined STN1 depletion and G4 stabilization causes multi-telomere FISH signals and telomere loss, hallmarks of deficient telomere duplex replication. Strand-specific telomere FISH indicates preferential loss of C-strand DNA while analysis of BrdU uptake during leading and lagging-strand telomere replication shows preferential under-replication of lagging telomeres. Together these results indicate a block to Okazaki fragment synthesis. Overall, our findings indicate a novel role for CST in maintaining genome integrity through resolution of G4 structures both ahead of the replication fork and on the lagging strand template.
- Downloaded 387 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 61,743
- In molecular biology: 1,816
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 74,879
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 45,845
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!