Global genetic diversity of small ruminant lentiviruses, and a hypothesis regarding their pandemic spread.
Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) cause chronic, persistent infections in populations of domestic sheep and goats throughout the world. In this study, we use genomic data to investigate the origins and history of the SRLV pandemic. To explore the hypothesis that SRLV infection disseminated during Neolithic times, we performed a serology and DNA sequencing-based investigation of SRLVs diversity in the Fertile Crescent region, where domestication of sheep and goats is thought to have originally occurred. While we found an elevated level of viral genetic diversity compared to other regions of the world, we did not find unambiguous evidence that the Fertile Crescent region was the centre of the contemporary SRLV pandemic. We therefore examined historical reports to investigate the relationship between (i) contemporary SRLV distribution and diversity, (ii) the emergence of SRLV-associated disease, and (iii) the past movement of small ruminant populations. Historical data suggested that the emergence of SRLV-associated disease might be associated with the long-distance export of exotic small ruminant breeds - in particular, karakul sheep from Central Asia - during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Phylogeographic analysis could neither confirm nor refute this hypothesis. However, we anticipate that future accumulation of genomic data from SRLV strains found throughout the world may allow for a more definitive assessment. The openly available data and resources assembled in this study will facilitate such future investigations.
- Downloaded 483 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 47,875
- In evolutionary biology: 2,739
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 36,047
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 57,413
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!