Cyclin B3 is specifically required for metaphase to anaphase transition in mouse oocyte meiosis I
Posted 14 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/390351
Posted 14 Aug 2018
Meiosis, a cell division to generate gametes for sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, executes a single round of DNA replication and two successive rounds of chromosome segregation. The extraordinary reliability of the meiotic cycle requires the activities of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) associated with specific cyclins. Cyclins are the regulatory subunits of protein kinases, which are the main regulators of maturation promoting factor or mitosis promoting factor (MPF) and anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) in eukaryotic cell division. But how cyclins collaborate to control meiosis is still largely unknown. Cyclin B3 (Ccnb3) shares homology with A- and B-type cyclins, and is conserved during higher eukaryote evolution. Previous studies have shown that Ccnb3-deleted females are sterile with oocytes unable to complete meiosis I in Drosophila, implying that Ccnb3 may have a special role in meiosis. To clarify the function of Ccnb3 in meiosis in mammalian species, we generated Ccnb3 mutant mice by CRISPR/Cas9, and found that Ccnb3 mutation caused female infertility with the failure of metaphase-anaphase transition in meiosis I. Ccnb3 was necessary for APC/C activation to initiate anaphase I, but not required for oocytes maturation, meiosis II progression, or early embryonic development. Our study reveals the differential cell cycle regulation between meiosis I and meiosis II, as well as meiosis between males and females, which shed light on the cell cycle control of meiosis.
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