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Neuromodulatory circuit effects on Drosophila feeding behaviour and metabolism

By Anders Eriksson, Marlena Raczkowska, Rapeechai Navawongse, Deepak Choudhury, James Stewart, Yi Ling Tang, Zhiping Wang, Adam Claridge-Chang

Posted 08 Nov 2016
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/086413 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08466-0)

Animals have evolved to maintain homeostasis in a changing external environment by adapting their internal metabolism and feeding behaviour. Metabolism and behaviour are coordinated by neuromodulation; a number of the implicated neuromodulatory systems are homologous between mammals and the vinegar fly, an important neurogenetic model. We investigated whether silencing fly neuromodulatory networks would elicit coordinated changes in feeding, behavioural activity and metabolism. We employed transgenic lines that allowed us to inhibit broad cellular sets of the dopaminergic, serotonergic, octopaminergic, tyraminergic and neuropeptide F systems. The genetically-manipulated animals were assessed for changes in their overt behavioural responses and metabolism by monitoring eleven parameters: activity; climbing ability; individual feeding; group feeding; food discovery; both fed and starved respiration; fed and starved lipid content; and fed/starved body weight. The results from these 55 experiments indicate that individual neuromodulatory system effects on feeding behaviour, motor activity and metabolism are dissociated.

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