A small H2O-soluble ingredient of royal jelly lower cholesterol levels in liver cells by suppressing squalene epoxidase
Excessive cholesterol in the liver is harmful for our health and may cause many diseases, such as fatty liver disease. Many studies in human and animal models have reported that royal jelly (RJ) can be used to treat atherosclerosis. However, the real mechanisms behind this action is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effectivity of RJ on gene expression of squalene epoxidase (SE) a major enzyme involved in cholesterol biosynthesis in HepG2 cells. We found that the expression of SE was decreased in response to RJ treatment. We also found that the origin of the RJ affected its strength. To find out the active ingredient of RJ in cholesterol suppression, we separated RJ into two parts based on the molecular weights using ultrafiltration membrane. We found that the fraction < 10kDa from RJ had comparable effect on SE expression, especially its water-soluble part. Taken together, we think RJ suppresses cholesterol by decreasing SE gene expression in liver. The active ingredient of RJ in this action is < 10kDa in water-soluble form.
- Downloaded 64 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 205,979
- In cell biology: 8,938
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 137,072
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 145,695
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!