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3-Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 drives acquired resistance to osimertinib

By Ismail M Meraz, Mourad Majidi, Bingliang Fang, Feng Meng, Lihui Gao, RuPing Shao, Renduo Song, Feng Li, Min Jin Ha, Qi Wang, Jing Wang, Elizabeth J Shpall, Sung Yun Jung, Franziska Haderk, Philippe Gui, Jonathan Wesley Riess, Victor Olivas, Trever G Bivona, Jack A Roth

Posted 11 Dec 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.12.10.472153

Osimertinib sensitive and resistant NSCLC NCI-H1975 clones were used to model osimertinib acquired resistance in humanized mice and delineate potential resistance mechanisms. No new EGFR mutations or loss of the EGFR T790M mutation were found in resistant clones. Resistant tumors in humanized mice were initially partially responsive to osimertinib, then aggressive tumor regrowth occurred accompanied by an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) was identified as a potential driver of osimertinib acquired resistance, and its selective inhibition by BX795 and CRISPR gene knock out, sensitized resistant clones and a patient derived xenograft (PDX) with acquired resistance to osimertinib. PDK1 knock-out dysregulated PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling, promoted cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, and inhibited nuclear translocation of yes-associated protein (YAP). Higher expression of PDK1 was found in patients with progressive disease following osimertinib treatment. PDK1 is a central upstream regulator of two critical drug resistance pathways: PI3K/AKT/mTOR and YAP.

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