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Spike sorting for large, dense electrode arrays

By Cyrille Rossant, Shabnam Kadir, Dan F. M. Goodman, John Schulman, Mariano Belluscio, Gyorgy Buzsaki, Kenneth D. Harris

Posted 16 Feb 2015
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/015198 (published DOI: 10.1038/nn.4268)

Developments in microfabrication technology have enabled the production of neural electrode arrays with hundreds of closely-spaced recording sites, and electrodes with thousands of sites are currently under development. These probes will in principle allow the simultaneous recording of very large numbers of neurons. However, use of this technology requires the development of techniques for decoding the spike times of the recorded neurons, from the raw data captured from the probes. There currently exists no practical solution to this problem of “spike sorting” for large, dense electrode arrays. Here, we present a set of novel tools to solve this problem, implemented in a suite of practical, user-friendly, open-source software. We validate these methods on data from rat cortex, demonstrating error rates as low as 5%.

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