Staphylococcus haemolyticus (S. haemolyticus) is a coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and has become one of the primary pathogens of nosocomial infections. After a long period using the antibiotics against the infections caused by S. haemolyticus, S. haemolyticus developed several resistance phenotypes of macrolides and lincosamides. Here, we acquired four S. haemolyticus clinical isolates, of which three isolates demonstrated antibiotic resistance as reported previously, while one was resistant to both erythromycin and clindamycin without erythromycin induction. Such novel phenotype, known as constitutive Macrolides-Lincosamides-Streptogramins (MLS) resistance, was reported in other bacteria, but it was found for the first time in S. haemolyticus. To further investigate such behavior, we confirmed that the deletion of the methyltransferase ErmC upstream leader peptide was critical to cause constitutive MLS resistance based on the analysis of potential antibiotic resistance genes via whole-genome sequencing and experimental verification. In addition, we discovered that the continuous expression of ErmC may inhibit the growth of S. haemolyticus, which turned out to be the cost with no MLS pressure. Taken together, this study firstly reported the constitutive MLS resistance in S. haemolyticus, and provided new ideas for using macrolides and lincosamides in clinical treatment.
- Downloaded 208 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 179,723
- In microbiology: 13,128
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 133,130
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 192,258
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!