A genetically encoded biosensor reveals location bias of opioid drug action
Peter W. Schiller,
Mark von Zastrow
Posted 26 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/254490 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2018.04.021)
Posted 26 Jan 2018
Opioid receptors (ORs) precisely modulate behavior when activated by native peptide ligands but distort behaviors to produce pathology when activated by non-peptide drugs. A fundamental question is how drugs differ from peptides in their actions on target neurons. One way that drugs can differ is by imposing selective effects on the conformational equilibrium of individual ORs. We wondered if drugs can also impose selective effects on the location of OR activation in individual OR-expressing neurons. Here we develop a genetically encoded biosensor that directly localizes ligand-induced activation and deactivation of ORs in living cells, and use it to generate the first real- time map of the spatiotemporal organization of μ- and δ-OR activation in neurons. Peptide agonists produce a characteristic activation pattern initiated in the plasma membrane and propagating to endosomes after receptor internalization. Drugs produce a different activation pattern by uniquely driving OR activation in the somatic Golgi apparatus and extending throughout the dendritic arbor in Golgi outposts. These results demonstrate a new approach to probe the cellular basis of neuromodulation and reveal that drugs profoundly distort the spatiotemporal landscape of neuronal OR activation.
- Downloaded 973 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 14,535 out of 106,159
- In neuroscience: 2,295 out of 18,385
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 83,702 out of 106,159
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 93,219 out of 106,159
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!