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Whole genome sequencing revealed genetic diversity and selection of Guangxi indigenous chickens

By Junli Sun, Tao Chen, Min Zhu, ran wang, Yingfei Huang, Qiang Wei, Manman Yang, Yuying Liao

Posted 07 Apr 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.04.07.438797

Guangxi chickens play an important role in promoting the high-quality development of the broiler industry in China, but their value and potential are yet to be discovered. To determine the genetic diversity and population structure of Guangxi indigenous chicken, we analyzed the whole genomes of 185 chicken from 8 phenotypically and geographically representative Guangxi chicken breeds, together with 12 RJFt, 12 BRA and 12 WL genomes available from previous studies. Calculation of heterozygosity (Hp), nucleotide diversity ({pi}), and LD level indicated that Guangxi populations were characterized by higher genetic diversity and lower differentiation than RJFt and commercial breeds except HGFC. Population structure analysis also confirmed the introgression from commercial broiler breeds. Each population clustered together while the overall differentiation was small, MA has the richest genetic diversity among all varieties. Selective sweep analysis revealed BCO2, EDN3 and other candidate genes have received strong selection in local breeds, these also provided novel breeding visual and data basis for future breeding.

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