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Multimodal Hippocampal Subfield Grading For Alzheimer's Disease Classification

By Kilian Hett, Vinh-Thong Ta, Gwenaëlle Catheline, Thomas Tourdias, José V Manjón, Pierrick Coupé, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Posted 02 Apr 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/293126 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49970-9)

Numerous studies have proposed biomarkers based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect and predict the risk of evolution toward Alzheimer's disease (AD). While anatomical MRI captures structural alterations, studies demonstrated the ability of diffusion MRI to capture microstructural modifications at an earlier stage. Several methods have focused on hippocampus structure to detect AD. To date, the patch-based grading framework provides the best biomarker based on the hippocampus. However, this structure is complex since the hippocampus is divided into several heterogeneous subfields not equally impacted by AD. Former in-vivo imaging studies only investigated structural alterations of these subfields using volumetric measurements and microstructural modifications with mean diffusivity measurements. The aim of our work is to study the efficiency of hippocampal subfields compared to the whole hippocampus structure with a multimodal patch-based framework that enables to capture subtler structural and microstructural alterations. To this end, we analyze the significance of the different hippocampal subfields for AD diagnosis and prognosis with volumetric, diffusivity measurements and a novel multimodal patch-based grading framework that combines structural and diffusion MRI. The experiments conducted in this work showed that the whole hippocampus provides the most discriminant biomarkers for advanced AD detection while biomarkers applied into subiculum obtain the best results for AD prediction, improving by 2% the accuracy compared to the whole hippocampus.

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