A genetically encoded fluorescent sensor for in vivo imaging of GABA
Jonathan S. Marvin,
Thomas P. Jensen,
Erika L Knott,
Nancy J Leidenheimer,
Dmitri A. Rusakov,
Misha B. Ahrens,
Dimitri M. Kullmann,
Loren L. Looger
Posted 14 May 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/322578 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41592-019-0471-2)
Posted 14 May 2018
Current techniques for monitoring GABA, the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in vertebrates, cannot follow ephemeral transients in intact neural circuits. We applied the design principles used to create iGluSnFR, a fluorescent reporter of synaptic glutamate, to develop a GABA sensor using a protein derived from a previously unsequenced Pseudomonas fluorescens strain. Structure-guided mutagenesis and library screening led to a usable iGABASnFR (maximum DeltaF/F ~ 2.5, Kd ~ 9 micromolar, good specificity, adequate kinetics). iGABASnFR is genetically encoded, detects single action potential-evoked GABA release events in culture, and produces readily detectable fluorescence increases in vivo in mice and zebrafish. iGABASnFR enabled tracking of: (1) mitochondrial GABA content and its modulation by an anticonvulsant; (2) swimming-evoked GABAergic transmission in zebrafish cerebellum; (3) GABA release events during inter-ictal spikes and seizures in awake mice; and (4) GABAergic tone decreases during isoflurane anesthesia. iGABASnFR will permit high spatiotemporal resolution of GABA signaling in intact preparations.
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