Sociality is a striking phenotypic innovation that independently evolved dozens of times across animals. Sociogenomic approaches have begun to elucidate the molecular underpinnings of social life in social insects and vertebrates, but the degree to which the convergent evolution of sociality involves convergent molecular evolution remains controversial and largely unknown. Spiders are a powerful system for identifying the genomic causes and consequences of social life because sociality is estimated to have independently evolved 15 times, and each origin likely occurred recently, within the past few million years. To determine if there are statistically supported genomic signatures of protein-coding sequence evolution associated with the convergent evolution of sociality in spiders, we compared the genomes or transcriptomes of 24 spider species that vary in social organization and represent at least seven independent origins of sociality. We identified hundreds of genes that experienced shifts in patterns of molecular evolution during the convergent evolution of sociality, and these genes were enriched for several annotated functions, including neural function, neurogenesis, and behavior, as well as immune function, growth, and metabolism. We also found evidence that directional selection for specific substitutions repeatedly occurred in social species for several genes, in particular the calcium channel gene TPC1. Finally, supporting previous results, we found elevated genome-wide rates of molecular evolution in social species, resulting mainly from relaxation of selection. Altogether, we identify genome-wide, genic, and site-specific changes that repeatedly occurred during the evolution of sociality in spiders.
- Downloaded 475 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 77,525
- In evolutionary biology: 3,889
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 17,315
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 67,800
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!