Deconvolving clinically relevant cellular immune crosstalk from bulk gene expression using CODEFACS and LIRICS
Joo Sang Lee,
E. Michael Gertz,
Alejandro A. Schäffer,
Posted 21 Jan 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.01.20.427515
Posted 21 Jan 2021
The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a complex mixture of cell-types that interact with each other to affect tumor growth and clinical outcomes. To accelerate the discovery of such interactions, we developed CODEFACS (COnfident DEconvolution For All Cell Subsets), a deconvolution tool inferring cell-type-specific gene expression in each sample from bulk expression measurements, and LIRICS (LIgand Receptor Interactions between Cell Subsets), a supporting pipeline that analyzes the deconvolved gene expression from CODEFACS to identify clinically relevant ligand-receptor interactions between cell-types. Using 15 benchmark test datasets, we first demonstrate that CODEFACS substantially improves the ability to reconstruct cell-type-specific transcriptomes from individual bulk samples, compared to the state-of-the-art method, CIBERSORTx. Second, analyzing the TCGA, we uncover cell-cell interactions that specifically occur in TME of mismatch-repair-deficient tumors and are associated with their high response rates to anti-PD1 treatment. These results point to specific T-cell co-stimulating interactions that enhance immunotherapy responses in tumors independently of their mutation burden levels. Finally, using machine learning, we identify a subset of cell-cell interactions that predict patient response to anti-PD1 therapy in melanoma better than recently published bulk transcriptomics-based signatures. CODEFACS offers a way to study bulk cancer and normal transcriptomes at a cell type-specific resolution, complementing single-cell transcriptomics.
- Downloaded 266 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 87,673
- In bioinformatics: 7,808
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 3,031
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 6,949
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!