The genetic etiology of childhood insomnia: Longitudinal gene-brain-behavior associations in the ABCD study
Leanna M Hernandez,
Chun Chieh Fan,
Susan Y Bookheimer,
Posted 05 Oct 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.02.20204735
Posted 05 Oct 2020
Childhood sleep problems are common and frequently comorbid with neurodevelopmental, psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the genetic contributions to sleep-related traits in childhood, their potential relationship with brain development and psychiatric outcomes, or their association with adult sleep disturbance. Using data from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development study, we performed a comprehensive characterization of the genetic and phenotypic relationships between childhood sleep disturbances (SDs; insomnia, arousal, breathing, somnolence, hyperhidrosis, sleep-wake transitions), global and regional measures of brain structure, and multiple dimensions of psychiatric symptomology in 9-10-year-old youth (discovery/replication N=4,428). Among the six SDs assessed, only insomnia showed significant SNP-based heritability (h2=0.15) and had replicable associations with smaller brain surface area (SA). Furthermore, insomnia showed significant positive phenotypic and genetic correlations with externalizing disorders (e.g., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). Polygenic risk scores (PRS) calculated from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of ADHD predicted insomnia and externalizing symptoms longitudinally, as well as decreased SA at baseline. In contrast, PRS trained using the largest adult insomnia GWAS did not predict childhood insomnia. Together, these findings demonstrate a distinct genetic architecture between childhood and adult SD, and indicate that childhood insomnia should be considered along the dimensional axis of ADHD and externalizing traits. These results highlight the importance of developmental context when interpreting gene-brain-behavior relationships and underscore the need for further large-scale genetic investigations of psychiatric phenotypes in pediatric populations.
- Downloaded 199 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 107,977
- In psychiatry and clinical psychology: 438
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 45,511
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 33,022
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!