Limits to anatomical accuracy of diffusion tractography using modern approaches
Kurt G. Schilling,
Dogu Baran Aydogan,
Erick J Canales-Rodríguez,
Arthur W. Toga,
Tim B. Dyrby,
M. Okan Irfanoglu,
Adam W Anderson,
Bennett A. Landman
Posted 16 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/392571 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.029)
Posted 16 Aug 2018
Diffusion MRI fiber tractography is widely used to probe the structural connectivity of the brain, with a range of applications in both clinical and basic neuroscience. Despite widespread use, tractography has well-known pitfalls that limits the anatomical accuracy of this technique. Numerous modern methods have been developed to address these shortcomings through advances in acquisition, modeling, and computation. To test whether these advances improve tractography accuracy, we organized the ISBI 2018 3D Validation of Tractography with Experimental MRI (3D VoTEM) challenge. We made available three unique independent tractography validation datasets, a physical phantom and two ex vivo brain specimens, resulting in 176 distinct submissions from 9 research groups. By comparing results over a wide range of fiber complexities and algorithmic strategies, this challenge provides a more comprehensive assessment of tractographys inherent limitations than has been reported previously. The central results were consistent across all sub-challenges in that, despite advances in tractography methods, the anatomical accuracy of tractography has not dramatically improved in recent years. Taken together, our results independently confirm findings from decades of tractography validation studies, demonstrate inherent limitations in reconstructing white matter pathways using diffusion MRI data alone, and highlight the need for alternative or combinatorial strategies to accurately map the fiber pathways of the brain.
- Downloaded 1,176 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 15,497
- In neuroscience: 1,920
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 35,745
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 34,238
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!