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Interactome Analysis Reveals Regulator of G Protein Signaling 14 (RGS14) is a Novel Calmodulin (CaM) Effector in Mouse Brain

By Paul R Evans, Kyle J Gerber, Eric B. Dammer, Duc M. Duong, Devrishi Goswami, Daniel J Lustberg, Juan Zou, Jenny J Yang, Serena M. Dudek, Patrick R. Griffin, Nicholas T. Seyfried, John R Hepler

Posted 12 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/247270

Regulator of G Protein Signaling 14 (RGS14) is a complex scaffolding protein with an unusual domain structure that allows it to integrate G protein and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. RGS14 mRNA and protein are enriched in brain tissue of rodents and primates. In the adult mouse brain, RGS14 is predominantly expressed in postsynaptic dendrites and spines of hippocampal CA2 pyramidal neurons where it naturally inhibits synaptic plasticity and hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. However, the signaling proteins that RGS14 natively interacts with in neurons to regulate plasticity are unknown. Here, we show that RGS14 exists as a component of a high molecular weight protein complex in brain. To identify RGS14 neuronal interacting partners, endogenous RGS14 immunoprecipitated from mouse brain was subjected to mass spectrometry and proteomic analysis. We find that RGS14 interacts with key postsynaptic proteins that regulate neuronal plasticity. Gene ontology analysis reveals that the most enriched RGS14 interacting proteins have functional roles in actin-binding, calmodulin(CaM)-binding, and CaM-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) activity. We validate these proteomics findings using biochemical assays that identify interactions between RGS14 and two previously unknown binding partners: CaM and CaMKII. We report that RGS14 directly interacts with CaM in a calcium-dependent manner and is phosphorylated by CaMKII in vitro. Lastly, we detect that RGS14 associates with CaMKII and with CaM in hippocampal CA2 neurons by proximity ligation assays in mouse brain sections. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that RGS14 is a novel CaM effector and CaMKII phosphorylation substrate thereby providing new insight into cellular mechanisms by which RGS14 controls plasticity in CA2 neurons.

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