The general impact of haploinsufficiency on brain connectivity underlies the pleiotropic effect of neuropsychiatric CNVs
Ana Isabel Silva,
Aia E. Jønch,
Simons VIP Foundation,
Marianne B.M. van den Bree,
Michael J Owen,
Anne M. Maillard,
Celia MT Greenwood,
Carrie E. Bearden,
Paul M. Thompson,
Posted 23 Mar 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.18.20038505
Posted 23 Mar 2020
Copy number variants (CNVs) are among the most highly penetrant genetic risk factors for neuropsychiatric disorders. Their impact on brain connectivity remains mostly unstudied. Because they confer risk for overlapping conditions, we hypothesized that they may converge on shared connectivity patterns. We performed connectome-wide analyses using resting-state functional MRI data from 436 carriers of neuropsychiatric CNVs at the 1q21.1, 15q11.2, 16p11.2, 22q11.2 loci, 4 "neutral effect" CNVs, 66 carriers of scarcer neuropsychiatric CNVs, 756 individuals with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder (ASD), schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and 5,377 controls. Neuropsychiatric CNVs showed global shifts of mean connectivity. The effect size of CNVs on relative connectivity (adjusted for the mean) was correlated with the known level of neuropsychiatric risk conferred by CNVs. Individuals with idiopathic schizophrenia and ASD had similarities in connectivity with neuropsychiatric CNVs. We reported a linear relationship between connectivity and intolerance to haploinsufficiency measured for all genes encompassed by CNVs across 18 loci. This profile involved the thalamus, the basal ganglia, somatomotor and frontoparietal networks and was correlated with lower general intelligence and higher autism severity scores. An exploratory factor analysis confirmed the contribution of these regions to three latent components shared across CNVs and neuropsychiatric disorders. We posit that deleting genes intolerant to haploinsufficiency reorganize connectivity along general dimensions irrespective of where deletions occur in the genome. This haploinsufficiency brain signature opens new avenues to understand polygenicity in psychiatric conditions and the pleiotropic effect of CNVs on cognition and risk for neuropsychiatric disorders. One sentence summaryNeuropsychiatric CNVs across the genome reorganize brain connectivity architecture along dominant patterns contributing to complex idiopathic conditions.
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