Non-crossover gene conversions show strong GC bias and unexpected clustering in humans
Amy L. Williams,
Simon R. Myers,
Joanne E. Curran,
Posted 16 Sep 2014
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/009175 (published DOI: 10.7554/eLife.04637)
Posted 16 Sep 2014
Although the past decade has seen tremendous progress in our understanding of fine-scale recombination, little is known about non-crossover (NCO) gene conversion. We report the first genome-wide study of NCO events in humans. Using SNP array data from 98 meioses, we identified 103 sites affected by NCO, of which 50/52 were confirmed in sequence data. Overlap with double strand break (DSB) hotspots indicates that the events are likely of meiotic origin. We estimate that a site is involved in a NCO at a rate of 5.7×10-6/bp/generation, consistent with sperm-typing studies, and infer that tract lengths span at least an order of magnitude. Observed NCO events show strong allelic bias at heterozygous AT/GC SNPs, with 68% (58?78%) transmitting GC alleles (P=5×10-4). Strikingly, in 4 of 15 regions for which there are also resequencing data, multiple disjoint NCO tracts cluster in close proximity (~20?30 kb), a phenomenon not previously seen in mammals.
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